It is the largest species of owl. The weight of adults ranges from 1.55 to 2.80 kg for males and 1.75 to 4.20 kg for females in the northern areas.
The eagle owl can turn its head 270 degrees.
Has the massive forms with rounded wings, short tail and large head; frontal eyes with yellow-orange iris are topped by long tufts.
The plumage is brown streaked and striped of blackish at the top and brownish yellow with dark streaks and dense vermicolature inferiorly.
The eagle owl spends most of his life around its nest that can be in in a tree, in a crack in the rocks or in a branch near the trunk; almost never on the ground. Il lives mainly in forests located in rocky terrain; more rarely it lives in the plains, and almost never in the city (of course with parks and trees) where manages to hide in cracks in the walls.
The eagle owl nests between March and April, by placing the nests in the cracks of the rocks or in basins already created.
The breeding males defend the territory against conspecifics indicating its presence with the regular issue of singing in the twilight hours.
The female lays on terraces of rock walls or nests built by birds of prey or corvids 2-3 white eggs from the rough shell (rarely up to 4) hatching 34-36 days; small owls remain at the nest for 5-6 weeks and then wander around for another 20-30 days, depending on adults for the procurement of food. The chicks are protected by a grey mouse plumage.
Feeding:It feeds mainly on small mammals (such as hares and rabbits), but also preys of the size of the fox and cubs deer.It hunts other birds including raptors and especially roosters and pheasants.Like other owls swallows small or medium sized preys; non-digestible parts (bones, feathers, hairs, chitinous parts of insects) are rejected in the form of "wads" of elongated shape with a diameter of 3-4 cm.