The male fallow deer is known as a buck, the female is a doe, and the young a fawn. Adult bucks are 140–160 cm (55–63 in) long with a 85–95 cm (33–37 in) shoulder height, and typically 60–100 kg (130–220 lb) in weight; does are 130–150 cm (51–59 in) long with a 75–85 cm (30–33 in) shoulder height, and 30–50 kg (66–110 lb) in weight. The largest bucks may measure 190 cm (75 in) long and weigh 150 kg (330 lb). Fawns are born in spring at about 30 cm (12 in) and weigh around 4.5 kg (9.9 lb). The life span is around 12–16 years.
There is much variation in the coat colour of the species, with four main variants: "common", "menil", melanistic and leucistic – a genuine colour variety, not albinistic. The white is the lightest coloured, almost white; common and menil are darker, and melanistic is very dark, sometimes even black (easily confused with the sika deer).
The fallow deer has not defined its own habitat, as it adapts to virtually any environment in which it is introduced: however tends to prefer forested areas predominantly deciduous in which are present glades or clearings still open, while avoiding mountain areas with coverage snowy persistent and abundant.
Feeding:The strain is generally preferences regarding the place to live and graze; satisfied with the fact that food is and brings little damage to soil and vegetation. Its nourishment consists of grass, leaves, shoots and fruits and certain types of fungi. The fallow deer is a ruminant, that is, an animal that after swallowing the food and then regurgitates it rimasticarlo more detail in sheltered and safe. Power is supplied throughout the day, although the peaks of ingestion of the food you have in the early hours of the morning and at sunset.